Lorraine’s expertise is the political economy, development, education of the Middle East. Her research currently focuses on refugee education and livelihoods with a particular focus on digital livelihoods. She is the Co-founder and Executive Director of Na’amal, a social enterprise that provides support for refugees and other vulnerable populations to access dignified livelihoods, particularly remote work, by providing skills training, mentorship and links to employment as well as to the global community of remote workers. She is also a Project Affiliate for Refugeework.net, a research project at the University of Edinburgh, which conducts research on digital livelihoods for refugees. She is the Project Manager for a volunteer education and livelihood project that provides support to vulnerable Syrian families.