Research Fellow in Political Economy
Dr Adel Daoud, joined the Centre for Business Research at Cambridge Judge Business School in 2016. The overarching vision of Daoud’s scholarship is to harness the predictive power of machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence—guided by social-scientific reasoning, to explain how global (child) poverty is possible in a world of more than sufficient resources. He is working on two projects, mainly. First, his research examines the impact of the International Monetary Fund’s conditionalities on people’s living conditions in developing countries (child health and poverty). Here, Dr Daoud’s work pushes current boundaries in the field by combing applying machine-learning in the service of policy evaluation and combining these with large-scale micro databases (the Demographic Health Surveys). Second, he is combining image-recognition algorithms with satellite images to predict poverty trajectories in Africa. The key innovation is to produce geo-temporal data between the 1980s to 2020s. These data will be used in different downstream projects such as poverty targeting and policy evaluation.
His work appears in journals such as, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), American Journal of Economy and Sociology, World Development, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Ecological Economics, Social Science & Medicine, and International J of Epidemiology.
Daoud, Adel, Rockli Kim, and S. V. Subramanian, Evaluating the predictive power of socioeconomic factors in capturing women’s height in 58 low- and middle-income countries: a machine learning approach, Social Science & Medicine, 238 (2019) 112486.
Daoud, Adel, Bernhard Reinsberg, Alexander Kentikelenis, Thomas Stubbs, Lawrence King. The International Monetary Fund’s Interventions in Food and Agriculture: An Analysis of Loans and Conditions. Food Policy, Vol 83, pp. 204-218. doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2019.01.005.
Daoud, Adel, and Bernhard Reinsberg, Structural adjustment, state capacity, and child health: Evidence from IMF programs, International Journal of Epidemiology.
Daoud, Adel, Unifying studies of Scarcity, Abundance, and Sufficiency, Ecological Economics. Vol 147, Issue: May, pp. 208-217. Doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.01.019.
Daoud, Adel, Elias Nosrati, Bernhard Reinsberg, Alexander Kentikelenis, Thomas Stubbs, and Lawrence King., “Impact of International Monetary Fund programs on child health”, Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1617353114 [news coverage in Agence France-Presse].
Daoud, Adel, “A Framework for Synthesizing the Malthusian and Senian approaches: exemplified by the 1943 Bengal Famine”., Cambridge J of Economics, Vol 42, Issue 2, pp. 453-476, Doi: 10.1093/cje/bew071.
Halleröd, Björn Bo Rothstein; Adel Daoud; Shailen Nandy, “Bad Governance and Poor Children: A Comparative analysis of government efficiency and severe child deprivation in 68 low- and middle-income countries”, World Development, 48 (August), pp. 19-31.